As the demand for
information about osteopathic medicine increased in the early years of A.T. Stills practice,
he found the need to provide a medium to his colleagues and to the public. Dr. Still
spread the news through his Journal of Osteopathy, a monthly tabloid that carried
reprints of favorable newspaper stories. The Journal was issued by the American
School of Osteopathy. Jenette "Nettie" Bolles, D.O., a member of the
schools first graduating class, served as its editor.
The Journal of Osteopathy was an astounding success, rising from "several
hundred" circulation in 1894 to 18,000 by 1896.
The first issue of the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
appeared in September 1901. At a publishing cost of $60 a year, subscription prices for
non-members was set at $3 annually. Members received The JAOA as part of their $5
annual membership fee.
The JAOA began as a bi-monthly publication until 1902 when it became monthly.
Edythe Ashmore, D.O., of Detroit was selected to head a campaign in which D.O.s would
submit brief patient histories. Twice each year, from 1904 to 1909, the 100 best histories
were selected for publication as a supplement to The JAOA.
The Forum of Osteopathy
As the profession matured and assumed a significant national health role, it became
increasingly apparent that the news it was creatingas well as the activities of
local groupswould affect osteopathic groups everywhere. It was decided that such
news could only be disseminated through the center of activity, the AOA, and in April 1927
The Forum of Osteopathy began publication as a monthly magazine.
With The Forum underway, The JAOA was able to narrow its focus to
scientific and technical material, with some news of the AOA. The publications served two
distinct member needs: that for scientific information, and that for news regarding
activities of the AOA and affiliate groups. The Forum of Osteopathy became The DO
in September 1960. William E. Brandt, D.O., was acting editor of the new publication.
In 1961, George W. Northup, D.O. became editor-in-chief for AOA publications
and continued in that role until 1987, when he became Editor Emeritus.
During his tenure, The JAOA and The DO refined their
editorial roles: The JAOA serving member needs for academic
information and The DO as a conduit for information regarding
the osteopathic physicians professional world. With the rise
of affiliations with major comprehensive universities came a corresponding
increase in research activities; this is reflected in the content
of The JAOA, which publishes papers of the highest quality
work from osteopathic academic institutions and researchers.
George W. Northup, DO, Medical Writing Award